Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome of unknown etiology. Characterized by widespread pain, fatigue, generally with multiple tender points in the neck, spine, shoulders and hips. In addition, fibromyalgia has been linked to morning stiffness, sleep problems, headaches, numbness in hands and feet, depression and in some cases anxiety. An estimated 3 to 6 million Americans are afflicted by fibromyalgia, which is poorly controlled by standard pain medications causing a reduction in quality of life.
Fibromyalgia patients have self-reported the positive and therapeutic effects of using cannabis in treating the symptoms of their disease. Medical marijuana , with its pain relieving qualities has been helpful for patients searching for relief from pain. In addition to the pain, many diagnosed with fibromyalgia suffer from interruptions in sleep patterns and therefore never attain the fourth stage of sleep. Medical marijuana is also helpful in inducing and helping patients remain asleep throughout the evening.
Recent research has shown the analgesic action of cannabinoids. Studies have found that THC and other cannabinoids inhibit acute responses to pain and relieve enhanced pain sensitivity (hyperalgesia).